Berlin Conference participants agree to respect arms embargo in Libya

Participants in the Germany-called Libya Conference on Sunday have agreed to respect the arms embargo and truce in the war-torn north African country, pledging to establish an oversight mechanism to ensure long-term peace.
“We had very serious negotiations here,” German Chancellor Angela Merkel told the media after the conference. “This conference made an important contribution to driving peace efforts forward.”
“All participants agreed that ‘we need a political solution’,” said Merkel. “In the past few days, it had become clear once again that military intervention was by no means a solution. All participants worked very constructively together.”
“We can say that everyone agrees that we want to respect the arms embargo,” said Merkel, adding that all participants knew that today they could not solve all the problems in Libya, but that this is the first step.
“I believe that today the spirit has been created that we can move forward on the path. We have agreed on a very binding process,” Merkel noted.
The Berlin Conference on Libya will be followed by the first steps to implementing the results. There should soon be a meeting that should lay the foundation for a solid ceasefire, said the German chancellor.
According to the 55 point Conference Conclusions issued after the meeting, all participants agree that “we commit to unequivocally and fully respect and implement the arms embargo established by United Nations Security Council Resolution 1970 (2011) and the Council’s subsequent Resolutions, including the proliferation of arms from Libya, and called on all international actors to do the same.
“We call on all actors to refrain from any activities exacerbating the conflict or inconsistent with the UNSC arms embargo or the ceasefire, including the financing of military capabilities or the recruitment of mercenaries,” read the paper.
The paper stated that “we commit to efforts strengthening current monitoring mechanisms by the UN and competent national and international authorities, within our capabilities, including maritime, aerial and terrestrial monitoring, and through the provision of additional resources, in particular satellite imagery.”
The Conference Conclusions explained that an International Follow-Up Committee (IFC) consisting of all countries and international organizations that participated in Sunday’s Berlin Conference on Libya will be established in order to maintain coordination in the aftermath of the conference, under the aegis of the UN.
“I hope the commitments made today will contribute to a lasting solution to the Libya crisis. We need to have a cease-fire. We cannot monitor something that doesn’t exist,” said UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres at the press conference.
“It is a strong signal that we are fully committed to supporting a peaceful resolution of Libya crisis….We have a truce,” said Guterres, who urged all participants not to do anything that could interfere with this path to a peaceful solution and refrain from interference in the conflict in Libya.
German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas said at the press conference that signature on the conference conclusions alone is not enough, “we must now succeed in bringing the Libyan conflicting parties together and creating the conditions for the civil war to be brought to a political solution.”
Libya has been torn by fighting between rival armed factions since 2011. Most recently, troops of Libya’s UN-recognized Government of National Accord (GNA) led by Fayez al-Sarraj have been under attack since April from the troops of Khalifa Haftar, commander of the Libyan National Army (LNA).
Al-Sarraj and Haftar were both in Berlin but refused to sit or meet with each other as tensions remained and differences too great between the two sides.
Clashes have killed more than 280 civilians and 2,000 fighters and displaced tens of thousands. The Berlin Conference comes after the inter-Libyan talks held in Moscow on Jan. 13 under the mediation of Russia and Turkey.
High-level representatives of Algeria, China, Egypt, France, Germany, Italy, Russia, Turkey, the Republic of the Congo, United Arab Emirates, Britain, and the United States attended the conference, together with representatives of the UN, the African Union, the European Union, and the League of Arab States.
French President Emmanuel Macron, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, Russian President Vladimir Putin, British Prime Minister Boris Johnson, Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi and U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo were among the participants.
Yang Jiechi, a member of the Political Bureau of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee and director of the Office of the Foreign Affairs Commission of the CPC Central Committee, attended the conference as Chinese President Xi Jinping’s special representative.

लिबिया सम्मेलनका सहभागीहरु शान्ति स्थापनामा सहमत

जर्मनीको बर्लिनमा आइतबार शुरु भएको लिबिया सम्मेलनका सहभागीहरु लिबियामा जारी द्वन्द्वको अन्त्यका लाागि हतियारको प्रयोग निषेध गर्ने विषयमा सहमत भएका छन् ।

उक्त सम्मेलनका सहभागीहरुबीच द्वन्द्व समाधान गर्न विषयमा छलफल भएको जर्मन चान्सलर एञ्जेला मर्केलले जानकारी दिनुभयो । उहाँले भन्नुभयो– हामी यस सम्मेलनमा हतियारको प्रयोग रोक्ने र शान्ति स्थापनाका लागि सबैले पहल गर्ने एक गम्भीर विषयमा सहमति जनाएका छौँ ।

उहाँले बर्लिन सम्मेलनले अघि सारेको यस सहमतिले आगामी दिनमा लिबियामा शान्ति स्थापनाका लागि सहयोग पु¥याउने धारणा उक्त सम्मेलनपछि आयोजित पत्रकार सम्मेलनमा राख्नुभयो ।

यस सहमतिले लिबियामा शान्ति स्थापनाका लागि जारी प्रयासहरुमा एक ठूलो योगदान पु¥याउने धारणा पनि जर्मन चान्सलर मर्केलले राख्नुभएको छ ।

आइतबार बर्लिलनमा शुरु भएको यस सम्मेलनमा टर्की, रसिया र फ्रान्सका राष्ट्रपतिहरू लगायत विश्वका नेताहरू सहभागी हुनुभएको छ । लिबियामा युद्ध अन्त्य गर्ने उद्देश्यले जर्मन चान्सलर मर्केलको संयोजकत्वमा उक्त सम्मेलनको आयोजना गरिएको हो ।

संयुक्त राष्ट्रसङ्घका महासचिव एन्टेनियो गुटेर्रेससँग परामर्श गरेर सम्मेलनको आयोजना गरिएको थियो । सो सम्मेलनमा मध्यस्थताका लागि रूसी राष्ट्रपति भ्लादिमिर पुटिन, फ्रान्सका राष्ट्रपति इम्यानुएल म्याक्रोँ र टर्कीका राष्ट्रपति रेसेप तैयप एर्दोगान पनि सहभागी हुनुहुन्छ ।

लिबियामा जारी द्वन्द्व अन्त्यका लागि आवश्यक सहयोग जुटाउने विषयमा पनि छलफल भएको थियो । हाल लिबियाका प्रधानमन्त्री फायज अल–साराजलाई राष्ट्रसंघले मान्यता दिएको छ ।
उक्त सम्मेलनमा सहभागिता जनाउन लिबियाली प्रधानमन्त्री साराज र त्यहाँका विद्रोही नेता हफ्तार पनि बर्लिन पुग्नुभएको समाचारमा जनाइएको थियो ।

सो पत्रकार सम्मेलनमा मर्केलले भन्नुभयो– यो सम्मेलनबाट हामी निकै खुशी भएका छौँ र मलाई लाग्छ अब आगामी दिनमा यहाँ शान्ति स्थापना गरी सबै पक्ष मिलेर अघि बढ्ने बाटो खुलेको छ ।

उहाँले लिबियामा शान्ति प्रक्रियाका लागि यो पहिलो पाइला भएको पनि बताउनुभयो । यही हतियारको प्रयोग निषेधित भएको समयको सदुपयोग गरेर आगामी दिनमा अघि बढ्नुपर्ने उहाँले बताउनुभयो ।
उक्त सम्मेलनपछि ५५ बुँदे सहमति पत्र पनि जारी गरिएको छ । सम्मेलनका सबै सहभागीहरुले ती ५५ बुँदामा सहमति जनाएका छन् ।

उक्त सहमतिअनुसार हतियारको प्रयोग निषेध गरिएको अवस्थाको निरीक्षणका लागि पनि एक समूह गठन गरिने छ र त्यसका आधारमा त्यहाँ हतियारको दुरुपयोग भए नभएको बारेमा निरीक्षण गरिने छ ।

यस सहमतिको संयुक्त राष्ट्रसंघले पनि सहमति जनाएको छ । संयुक्त राष्ट्रसंघ महासचिव गुटेर्रेसले यस सहमतिले लिबियामा शान्ति स्थापनाका लागि सहयोग पुर्याउने धारणा राख्नुभएको छ ।

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